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羊糞有機肥生產線

羊糞有機肥生產線

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羊糞發酵工藝描述及技術書

1工藝選擇

(1)FAJIAOXITONG:CAIYONGCAOSHIDUIFEIFAJIAOGONGYI,NENGGOUYOUXIAOJIEJUEFAJIAOGUOCHENGZHONGFUSHUBUCHEDIXIANXIANG,JUYOUSHENGWENSUDUKUAI,FAJIAOLIANGDA,WUCHOUWEI,CHANGQUGUIFAN、ZHENGQIDENGTEDIAN;

(2)  CHENHUAXITONG:JINGLIAOCANGTOULIAOBAFUSHUHAODEYUANLIAOJINXINGFENSUIHESHAIFENHOU,FENXUANCHUWEIFUSHUHEDAKUAIZAZHI(KEZHONGXINFANHUIFAJIAOCHIFAJIAOFENJIE),WUCHOUWEIBANCHENGPINYUANLIAOJINXINGQUANZIDONGWEISHENGWUFANYINGFUSHU,YIBEISUISHIJINSHENGCHANXIAN;

(3)SHENGCHANXITONG:ZAIZHEGEXITONGZHONG,DUOCANGZIDONGJILIANGPEILIAOXITONGJIANGFAJIAOHOUWULIAOJIYINGYANGYUANSUANSUOXUPEIFANGBILIJUNYUNCHULIAOXIANGHUDIEJIAZAISHUSONGJISHANG,SHIDEYOUJIFEILIAOZHONGDEGELEIZHIBIAOFUHEGUOJIASHENGWUYOUJIFEIHEYOUJIFEIDEBIAO,JINGHUNHEJIJIAOBANHUNHEJUNYUNHOU,JINGFENLIAOJIFENCHENGLIANGLUSHUCHU:YILUSHUSONGZHIFENMOBAOZHUANGJIJINXINGFENMOFEIDEBAOZHUANGCHENGDAI;YILUSHUSONGZHIJIYAZAOLIXITONGJINXINGYUNSUXIALIAOZAOLI,ZAOHAODEKELIJINGNILIUSHILENGQUEXITONGHOU,SHAIFENJINXINGWULIAOLENGQUEHESHAIFENCHUFANLIAOFENMO,DAILENGQUEHOUDEKELIJINRUBAOMOJIHOUKELIBAOZHUANGJIBAOZHUANG,BAOZHUANGCHENGPINYOUJIQIRENMADUOXITONGSHIXIANZIDONGHUARUKU;SHIXIANYOUJIFEIQIWUZHUANHUACHENGSHENGCHANGAOFUJIAZHIDESHANGPINYOUJIFEI,SHIXIANZIYUANXUNHUANLIYONGHUA、HUANJINGYOUHAOHUA。

(4)JINGGUODUIBENXIANGMUGUIMO、JISHUSHIYONGXING、WULIAOTEDIAN、TOUZI、NENGHAO、JINGJIXINGDENGFANGMIANDEBIJIAO,PEIZHIYOUZIDONGPEILIAOXITONGKEDADAJIESHENGRENGONG;ZAIZAOLIGONGXUTUIJIANXUANYONGWULIJIYASHIZHUZHUANGKELIJIJINXINGZAOLI,CHANLIANGWENDING,KEXINGMEIGUAN,WEIHUFANGBIAN。

.2工藝控制

PANDUANFAJIAOGUOCHENGJINXINGSHIFOUSHUNLI,ZHUYAOGENJUFAJIAOWULIAOZHONGYOUJIWUDEBIANHUAHEFAJIAOGONGYIKONGZHICANSHUDEBIANHUA。YOUYUFAJIAOGUOCHENGSHICHONGFENLIYONGYUANLIAOZHONGDEWEISHENGWUJUNQUNDEZUOYONG,SUOYIFANSHINENGYINGXIANGZHEXIEWEISHENGWUJUNQUNHUOXINGDEYINSU(RUYINGYANG、SHUIFEN、KONGQI、WENDUHEpHZHIDENG)JIUSHIJUEDINGYUANLIAOFAJIAOHUADEKONGZHIXINGTIAOJIAN。

i.  含水率調節

DALIANGYANJIUBIAOMING,HANSHUILVDIYU30%SHI,WEISHENGWUZAISHUIZHONGTIQUYINGYANGWUZHIDENENGLIJIANGDI,YOUJIWUFENJIEHUANMAN;DANGSHUIFENDIYU12%~15%SHI,WEISHENGWUDEHUODONGJIHUTINGZHI。FANZHI,HANSHUILVCHAOGUO65%SHI,SHUIJIUHUICHONGMANWULIAOKELIJIANDEJIANXI,DUSAIKONGQIDETONGDAO,SHIKONGQIHANLIANGDALIANGJIANSHAO,FAJIAOYOUHAOYANGZHUANGTAIXIANGYANYANGZHUANHUA,WENDUJIJUXIAJIANG,QIJIEGUOSHIXINGCHENGFACHOUDEZHONGJIANCHANWU。SUOYIYUANLIAOHANSHUILVWULUNSHIGUODIHUANSHIGUOGAOJUNYINGXIANGYUANLIAOFAJIAODEXIAOGUO,DANGHANSHUILVTAIDISHI,WEISHENGWUZAISHUIZHONGSHEQUYINGYANGWUZHIDENENGLIJIANGDI,YOUJIWUFENJIETINGZHI;HANSHUILVGUOGAOSHIDUILIAOHUXIANGZHANJIE,JIANGDUSAIKONGQIDETONGDAO,CONGERSHIFAJIAOCHENGYANYANGZHUANGTAI。SUOYIYUANLIAOFAJIAOBIXUYOUXIAOKONGZHIYUANLIAODEHANSHUILV,HANSHUILVDIAOJIEDEFANGFAYOU:TIANJIAGANWULIAO(DIAOLIJI)、CHENGPINHUILIU、REGANHUA、LIANGSHAIDENG。

ii.  C/N比調節

ZAIFAJIAOGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUJIWUTANDANBIDUIFENJIESUDUYOUZHONGYAODEYINGXIANG。YIXIJUNWEILI,XIJUNDETANDANBIWEI4~5:1,ERHECHENGZHEYANGDETIZHIXIBAOHUANYAOLIYONG16~20FENTANDANSULAITIGONGHECHENGZUOYONGDENENGLIANG,GUTAMENJINXINGSHENGCHANGFANZHISHI,SUOXUDEC/NSHI20~25:1;ERZHENJUNDETANDANBIYUEWEI10:1,GUFAJIAOGUOCHENGZUIJIAC/NSHI25~35:1。RUGUOC/NSHI40:1,KEGONGXIAOHAODETANYUANSUDUO,DANSUYANGLIAOXIANGDUIQUEFA,XIJUNHEQITAWEISHENGWUDEFAZHANSHOUDAOXIANZHI,YOUJIWUDEFENJIESUDUJIUMAN,FAJIAOGUOCHENGJIUCHANG。RUGUOC/NGENGGAO,RONGYIDAOZHICHENGPINFAJIAODETANDANBIGAO,ZHEZHONGFAJIAOSHIRUTURANGHOU,JIANGDUOQUTURANGZHONGDEDANSU,SHITURANGXIANRUDANJIEZHUANGTAI,HUIYINGXIANGZUOWUDESHENGCHANG。RUOC/NDIYU20:1,KEGONGXIAOHAODETANSUSHAO,DANSUYANGLIAOXIANGDUIGUOSHENG,ZEDANJIANGBIANCHENGANTAIDANERHUIFA,DAOZHIDANYUANSUDALIANGSUNSHIERJIANGDIFEIXIAO。YINCI,FAJIAOQIANXUJINXINGYUANLIAODEC/NDIAOJIE。DIAOJIEDEFANGFASHIXIANGGAOSHIYUANLIAOZHONGJIARUHANTANJIAOGAODEWULIAO,RUMUXIE、JIEGANFEN、LUOXIEDENG。C/PBIZEYINGKONGZHIZAI70~150:1DEFANWEI。

iii.  pH值調節

WULIAOpHZHIZAIYUANLIAODEFAJIAOGUOCHENGZHONGSHISHIFENZHONGYAODE。YOUYUZAIZHONGXINGHUOWEIJIANXINGTIAOJIANXIA,XIJUNHEFANGXIANJUNSHENGCHANGZUISHIYI,SUOYIYUANLIAOFAJIAOHUADEpHZHIYINGKONGZHIZAI6~8DEFANWEINEI,QIEZUIJIApHZHIZAI8.0ZUOYOU,DANGpHZHI<5SHI,FAJIAOJIUHUITINGZHIJINXING。YUANLIAOYIBANQINGKUANGXIACHENGZHONGXING,FAJIAOSHIYIBANBUBITEBIEDIAOJIE。JISHIFAJIAOGUOCHENGZHONGpHZHIFASHENGLEBIANHUA,DAOFAJIAOJIESHUHOU,YUANLIAODEpHZHIJIHUDOUZAI7~8ZHIJIAN。YINCIKEYIYONGpHZHIZUOWEIFAJIAOSHUHUAYUFOUDEKONGZHIZHIBIAO。CHANGYONGDIAOLIJIYOUCaCO3、SHIHUIHESHIGAODENG。

iv.  溫度調節

WENDUSHIFANYINGFAJIAOHUAXIAOGUODEZONGHEZHIBIAO。WENDUZHIJIEYINGXIANGWEISHENGWUJIANGJIEYOUJIWUDESUDU,SHIYINGXIANGWEISHENGWUHUODONGHEFAJIAOGONGYIGUOCHENGDEZHONGYAOYINSU。FAJIAOCHUQI,DUICENGJIBENSHANGCHENGZHONGWEN,SHIWENJUNJIAOWEIHUOYUE,DALIANGFANZHI。TAMENZAILIYONGYOUJIWUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUYIBUFENZHUANHUACHENGRELIANG,YOUYUFAJIAOWULIAOJUYOULIANGHAODEBAOWENZUOYONG,YIBANDUIJIFAJIAO2~3dHOU,WENDUJIUKESHENGZHI50~60℃,ZAIZHEGEWENDUXIA,SHIWENJUNSHOUDAOYIZHI,SHENZHISIWANG,ERSHIREJUNDEFANZHIJINRUJIFAZHUANGTAI,SHIREJUNDEDALIANGFANZHIHEWENDUDEMINGXIANTIGAO,SHIFAJIAOZHIJIEYOUZHONGWENJINRUGAOWEN,BINGZAIGAOWENFANWEINEIWENDINGYIDUANSHIJIAN。ZHENGSHIZAIZHEYIWENDUFANWEINEIFAJIAOZHONGJIANGBINGYUANJUN、JISHENGCHONGLUANBEISHASI,FUZHIZHIKAISHIXINGCHENG,FAJIAODADAOCHUBUFUSHU。ZAIHOUFAJIAOJIEDUAN(ERCIFAJIAO),YOUYUDABUFENDEYOUJIWUZAIZHUFAJIAOJIEDUAN(YICIFAJIAO)YIBEIJIANGJIE,YINCIFAJIAOBUZAIYOUXINDENENGLIANGJILEI,FAJIAOYEJIUYIZHIWEICHIZAIZHONGWEN(30~40℃),ZHESHIFAJIAOCHANWUJINYIBUWENDING,ZUIHOUDADAOSHENDUFUSHU。

YIBANERYAN,SHIWENJUNZUISHIYIWENDUZAI30~40℃,SHIREJUNFAJIAOZUISHIYIWENDUZAI50~60℃。GENJUWEISHENGXUEYAOQIU,ZAIFAJIAOGUOCHENGZHONG,FAJIAOWENDUZHISHAOYAODADAO55℃,CAINENGSHAMIEBINGYUANJUNHEJISHENGCHONGLUAN。DANJINNIANLAIDEXUDUOYANJIUFAXIAN,WENDUGUOGAO(DAYU70℃)HUIYIZHIWEISHENGWUFENJIEYOUJIWUDESULV,JIANGDIFAJIAOCHANPINDEZHILIANG,WENDUGUODIYEBULIYUFAJIAOHUAGUOCHENG,WEISHENGWUZAI40℃ZUOYOUDEHUOXINGZHIYOUZUISHIWENDUSHIDE2/3ZUOYOU,FAJIAOSHIJIANYANCHANG。YIBANLAISHUO,FAJIAOWENDUFANWEIZAI55~65℃SHI,FAJIAOZONGHEXIAOGUOZUIJIA,55℃YISHANGGAOWENQICHIXU5-7TIANYISHANG。

v.  發酵時間控制

發酵的時間一般同原料種類、含水量、溫度、輔料添加比例及堆料前處理方法不同而異。本項目一次發酵采用12~15d發酵期,二次發酵利用全自動微生物反應機可在3.5小時完成生物有機肥的制造。

工藝流程

1.  ZHUYAOSHIJIANGWULIAO(NIUFEN.YANGFEN.ZHUFEN.JIFEN.WUNI.ZHAOZHA.DAOCAO.YUMIJIE)DENGDONGWUFENBIANYOUJIFEIQIWUJINGGUOFAJIAOFUSHUYIHOUHANSHUIFENYUE30%-35%  DEYOUJIFEIQIWUJINGFENSUISHAIFENHOU,YUNIANJIEJI(PENGRUNTU.FUZHISUAN)JIXUPEIBIDEQITACHENGFENDEYUANLIAOANPEIBIYAOQIUZAIPEILIAOHUNHEXITONGZHONGJINXINGJILIANG、(TIANJIAGONGNENGJUNKESHENGCHANSHENGWUYOUJIFEI,TIANJIADAN、LIN、JIA(ZONGYANGFENHANLIANGDIYU15%)KESHENGCHANYOUJIWUJIFEI)PEILIAO、HUNHE,JINGCHONGFENHUNHEHOUDEWULIAOYOUPIDAISHUSONGJIJUNYUNLIANXUDEWEIRUZAOLIJIZHONG,JINGPAOGUANGZHENGXINGJIPAOYUANCHENGQIUZHUANGKELI,JINGHONGGANJIJINXINGDIWENDAFENGLIANGHONGGAN(≤65℃)HOUJINXINGLENGQUE、SHAIFEN,CHENGPINKELIYOUPIDAISHUSONGDAOCHENGPINLIAOCANG,JINGDIANNAODINGLIANGBAOZHUANGXITONGJILIANG、BAOZHUANGRUKU。

序號

設備名稱

技術要求

數量(臺)

1

液壓槽式翻堆機

1、主機整體骨架采用加厚方管連接焊制;

2、翻堆主動力采用擺線針減速機;

3、含換槽車(換槽車使用加厚方管焊制);

4、端部加裝死角翻堆裝置;

1

2

鏟車料倉(含攪拌裝置

1、標準外形尺寸1.5米*3米、板厚4mm;

2、出料端配置送料輸送機;

3、配置下料快慢的閘門裝置:

1、加裝攪拌打散裝置,防止堵料。

1

3

立式粉碎機

1、刀片為40洛材質鍛打而成;

2、內部十組連接盤為四星型轉子盤連接;

3、出料口裝配防塵裝置;

1

4

粉狀篩分機

1、篩分機進料口部分加防沖擊網;

2、篩網交接部位打加緊包箍;

3、篩網采用耐磨材質,耐腐蝕。

4、篩網加裝拍打裝置、防止堵塞篩孔。

1

5

粉機包裝機

1、 采用基恩士傳感器精確計量;

2、 精確分析快、中、慢三檔下料;

3、 縫包機頭采用河北友田牌機頭;

4、 采用深圳高科儀表,可包裝20kg-50kg不等規格。

1

6

鏟車料倉(含攪拌裝置

1、標準外形尺寸1.5米*3米、板厚4mm;

2、出料端配置送料輸送機;

3、配置下料快慢的閘門裝置:

2、加裝攪拌打散裝置,防止堵料。

1

7

雙軸攪拌機

1、外部整體機架加厚槽鋼全方位固定;

2、攪拌機螺旋采用8毫米厚高錳耐磨板;

3、頂端加防塵密封,加裝方形進料口;

4、軸承端位采用橡膠防塵密封;

1

8

造粒機

1、外筒采用10mm后螺旋焊接筒壁;

2、內攪齒采用高猛耐磨材質;

3、攪齒端部采用合金刀頭;

4、攪齒刀頭裝置采用10.8級高強材質,更換簡單;

5、采用ZD30中興減速機調整轉速,保證造粒效果;

1

9

雙級拋圓機

1.使圓柱狀顆粒一次滾動成球,成球率高、強度好、外形美觀:

2.成球率高達90%左右,成球回料率低

1

10

烘干機

1、鋼板厚度為10毫米,揚料板厚度為6毫米;

2、前后封頭板均為6毫米厚鋼板制作;

3、滾圈、齒輪、擋輪、托輪等均為重型鑄鋼件;

4、引風機葉輪和主軸均采用耐高溫材質(葉輪與主軸之間采用錐 度連接);

1

11

烘干機

1. 鋼板厚度為10毫米,揚料板厚度為6毫米;

2. 前后封頭板均為6毫米厚鋼板制作;

3. 滾圈、齒輪、擋輪、托輪等均為重型鑄鋼件;

4. 引風機葉輪和主軸均采用耐高溫材質(葉輪與主軸之間采用錐 度連接);

1

12

冷卻機

1、 鋼板厚度為10毫米,揚料板厚度為6毫米;

2、 前后封頭板均為6毫米厚鋼板制作;

3、 滾圈、齒輪、擋輪、托輪等均為重型鑄鋼件;

4、 引風機葉輪和主軸均采用耐高溫材質

1

13

顆粒篩分機

1. 篩分機進料口部分加防沖擊網;

2. 篩網交接部位打加緊包箍;

3. 篩網采用耐磨材質,耐腐蝕。

1

14

包膜機

1. 鋼板厚度為10毫米;

2. 滾圈、齒輪、擋輪、托輪等均為重型鑄鋼件;

1

15

回料粉碎機

1.機體采用8mm的鋼板

2.內部采用特種耐磨鏈條

3.出料細度在0.7mm

1

16

顆粒包裝機

1. 采用基恩士傳感器精確計量;

2. 精確分析快、中、慢三檔下料;

3. 縫包機頭采用河北友田牌機頭;

4. 采用深圳高科儀表,可包裝20kg-50kg不等規格。

1

17

控制系統

1. 大于15千瓦采用減壓起動

1

18

輸送機

1、 皮帶機機身槽鋼為100毫米;

2、 托錕為重型加厚托輥;

3、 皮帶為花紋5層布;

4、 傳動為齒輪同步傳動;

10

19

旋風除塵器

1. 2臺烘干機各一臺;

2. 先過旋風除塵器,在過水幕除塵環保過關;

2

20

水幕除塵器

1. 先過旋風除塵器,在過水幕除塵環保過關;

2. 經過水幕除塵排放的尾氣不會夾帶粉塵;

1

21

迷宮除塵室

1. 供方提供圖紙需方自建

3






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